The British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans excavated Knossos in the late 19th century. Visitors to Knossos Palace will see the earliest European wooden throne in the King’s Chamber, huge urns used to store olive oil and grain in the courtyards as well as the highly colourful frescoes. After the Parthenon, Knossos is the second most visited site in Greece. The ruins of the ancient cities of Knossos, Phaistos and Malia demonstrate the incredible wealth and sophistication enjoyed by the Minoan civilization. Also visit Heraklion and see the Church of St. Titus, the Lotzia and the Church of St. Mark.